IMD IPD mind meld

Saturday, October 14, 2006

The Industrial Revolution - Form follows Function

The demise of rural Britain, and in its place industrial towns and cities with the population of Britain that of Scotlands today (the 2001 census scotlands population 5,062,011). The contradiction was that poverty was very bad at this time compared to Britains booming economy with Scotland being one of the poorest countries in Europe-(no change there then the 2002 study, poverty: the facts also said "although the UK had the fourth largest economy in the world, almost a quarter of the population - more then 13 million people - live in income poverty" and scotland topped the table with the three most deprived areas in the United Kingdom, United?)

An era of peace and expansion the industrial age was to change the lives of everyone in Britain, there was no longer a fear of god Newton had proven this to be utter nonsense whilst making his mark on the world of science. The best thing to ever happen to design now artists could explore areas that before had been feared "modersim" "Memphis" - something that is still being used by designers today. Would it have been done if our religion had not been questioned?

Women where changing to it was time to change the attitude towards women and so the suffragettes where born, throwing them selves in front of horses! but at least we got the vote ( and we're suppose to be the more intelligent of the spieces?).

The life of working class was changing - the "comfort of industry". Factories where born and employees got paid for over time a huge change to the mines employeers like Robert Owen of New Lanark even ran night classes for his workers - it was more like a holiday camp than work. Whats happened to this attitude why do we no longer look out for the back bone of our economy is that why we have no economy now and every thing is imported from the far east?

Most of the people who worked in the mills and other factories where women, men usually worked as mechanics or in managment and so cities became "the womans town" like Dundee for example women where now more independant than ever before. It was infact the men who stayed at home with the children in many house holds, but we must remember when we are talking about design history we are largely talking about middle and upper class for working class not lucky enough to work for employeers such a Robert Owen there was the slums of the city - narrow dark closes, where familys lived together in one room in a block which today would propbably house a block of flats, with no running water or loos the life expectancy was poor.

Infact there are still parts in Glasgow today where the life expectancy is below 60yrs - so the legacy of the Industrial Revulution lives in even today.

It was the age of the engine the age of transportation: 93 miles long, 75 lochs, 7 tunnels (3000 yrds long) the first canal was built by men with picks, shovels and barrels this was the soultion to the roads then there was the locmotive invented by James Brinley in 1730 the steam engine was first used to power the mines and eventually was introduced to the rail network, the rocket of 1829, stevenson 1825 the begining of the age of the railways.

3rd class had to travel in open cattle carriages and on a coolday passangers could be found dead after long journeys. The 2002 study, poverty: the facts also said even today in our age of advanced technology the wealth divide is greater than ever before, with one in 10 people having no financial assets at all. The wealthiest 1% owned fours time as much as the combined wealth of half the population (28 milion people) the fact that applies to todays society and moral doesnt surprise me and leaves me questioning the world we live in.

So was the time of the Industrial Revulution when middle and upper classes invented the divide that still stands today and is that way as a race we are stuck adding rather than inventing because a huge popualtion of our race was left behind and forgotten about????



Blogger Jonathan said...

Actually Newton would disagree with you - he believed he was adding to the evidence about God's existence.

The industrial revolution, and the Act of Union, led to Glasgow becoming the second city of the British Empire, and it and Edinburgh becoming extremely wealthy.

Low life expectancy in Glasgow is predominantly due to bad diet, alcohol and smoking, but there is a correlation between these and income - so the question is, are these factors caused by poverty, or does poverty lead to them? And what role do designers have in a) contributing to some of these problems and b) helping to solve them?

Clearly you're interested in these issues so here's your chance. You're studying one of the few subjects that can come up with the answers to a lot of society's problems, so let's hear your ideas!

6:37 PM  
Blogger Mathy (Simpson) said...

Ina i think you have looked at this and found more than just the detials, buildings, and people who made the industrial revolution and have pointed out to some extent quite well that the industrial revolution was a very importnat era for both good and bad reasons, i feel our lecture from richard, as useful as it was, did not identify the questions i feel we must ask.
Often we look at eras of design, desing styles, or people that defined a style but often neglect the major social issues of the time. I feel that these issues drive, or should drive design and innovation and by understanding them we will become a better designer not just by looking at past desing and saying, "hmm thats nice, hmm thats not!" "thats a style because!"

we can look and date examples of design, innovation and creativity and see how these can evoke us as a designer and show us were certain ethos' and design fundamentals of contempoary design came from.
However there is something more important, how did we, thats people and politics and social events affect design. its often said we are more creative in periods of war and unrest than at anyother time. If so then why?

What drives us as humans to become inventive?

What as a designer should we now look towards to drive us?

We can and will likely in the future create and design purely for consumerism and social enjoyment but the important role of the desinger as we keep being told is to use our skils to affect and change, to solve the arising problems that face all of us

At least it appears we have a very close by future thats been pre filled with major issues and problems as we speak, international political divide, pollution and natural resources waste, shortage of fuels and power sources
newly emerging economys affecting power balance

and my favourtie the super mega bad ultra evil terrorists around ever corner waiting to kill us all
or as the government, political and journalisitc heads call them, Muslims!

whether false or real or part of both how will our future and current problmes drive us and will the role of the desingner emerge glorious?

1:48 PM  

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